by Pugli scientist
Just a short summary of physical elephant signs to distinguish the two african elephant species Loxodonta africana (Bush elephant) and Loxodonta cyclotis (Forest elephant). In order not to complicate it too much, the examples given here are based mainly on adult individuals. The first features mentioned below describe the Bush elephant, followed by those of the Forest elephant (separated by the double slash).
Height: 3 - 4 m // 2 - 3 m
Weight: 4.000 - 7.000 kg // 2.000 - 4.500 kg
Skin: more wrinkled // less wrinkled (a bit smoother)
Ears (cuts usually are individual; the older they get, the more folded the ear can be):
shape of african continent // round
Tusks (both sexes; males have stronger ones): usually curved, thicker // more or less straight downwards, thinner
Tip of trunk (2 fingertips): thicker, stronger // thinner
Hair: less hairy // more hairy and they tend to have longer eye-lashes
Number of footnails (usually): Front 4, Back 3 // Front 5, Back 4 (like the asian ones)
Reproductive organs: Vagina visible in both species. Could be mixed up with the penis!
So with the given examples it will stay very tricky to distinguish them sometimes. But it's fun anyway 😃